This photograph of the Abraham Lincoln, limited edition, bronze sculpture, portrait bust, "Immortal Conscience" may be downloaded and used for any
non-commercial personal purpose. Any commercial or media use including reproduction, sale, or publication of this image requires the permission of the
copyright holder, artist James J. Nance. Please allow 20 seconds on slower modems for download.
Due to the illumination from photographic lights, sculptural patinas are very difficult to photograph. Since these castings have a bronze surface, the patina
is hand applied using traditional bronze patina techniques. The color is a rich dark aged brown with a hint of red overlaying a golden undercoat. The brown
patina is partially hand rubbed back to reveal varied and complex golden bronze highlights which are evident on raised areas contrasted by subtle shadows in
recessed areas. The resulting patina is rich and traditional and will appear different in different light settings. In a dark room the patina will appear dark
and aged but under light the incredible golden brown patina will be revealed. Under direct sunlight or the photo flood lights used in these photographs, the
finish will appear brighter and lighter than normal. The areas on the busts which are normally black such as hair, beard, suspenders, and tie and coat have a
very subtle black patina applied over the finish which is then rubbed back. To prevent tarnishing, the patina is sealed with a lacquer coating and buffed with
bronze paste wax. Although the surface is durable, care should be exercised to avoid scratches with metallic objects. Polish the casting with a dry soft dust
cloth and once or twice a year use a small amount of paste wax.